UPSC ESE: Syllabus, Exam Pattern, eligibility criteria, and Tips to Prepare

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By smith

One of the most esteemed tests offered by the Union Public Service Commission is the UPSC ESE. This test is given to hiring engineers for the government of India’s numerous engineering services.

In this article, we’ll talk about the UPSC ESE Syllabus, Exam Pattern, Eligibility Requirements, and Exam Preparation Tips. These will aid candidates in comprehending the exam’s format, the subjects that must be covered, and exam preparation advice.

Aspirants can easily pass the UPSC pattern examination by adhering to these rules.

Table of content
  Syllabus for UPSC ESE Exam Pattern Eligibility Criteria Tips to Prepare for UPSC ESE Conclusion Frequently asked questions  

Syllabus for UPSC ESE

One of the hardest competitive exams in India is the UPSC ESE, which has a broad and in-depth syllabus. A comprehensive course for ESE exam preparation is offered by Physics Wallah.

Electrical, civil, mechanical, and electronics & telecommunication engineering topics are covered in the UPSC ESE syllabus. Topics from electrical machines, power systems, power electronics and drives, control systems, electrical and electronic measurements, analog and digital electronics, network theory, signals, and systems, etc. are covered in the electrical engineering curriculum.

Lessons on fluid mechanics, open channel flow, fluid machines, steam generators, material strength, engineering mechanics, structural analysis, design of steel structures, concrete technology, environmental engineering, surveying, irrigation, etc. are all included in the civil engineering curriculum.

Topics including thermodynamics and heat transfer, machine theory, designing machine components, manufacturing technologies, engineering materials, etc. are all covered in the mechanical engineering curriculum. 

Digital signal processing, control systems, communication systems, analog and digital circuits, and other topics are covered in the electronics and telecommunication engineering curriculum. Along with technical subjects, the UPSC pattern also includes general knowledge, engineering aptitude, and English language themes.

The candidates preparing for the UPSC ESE exam must comprehend the material completely and organize their study time accordingly.

For those preparing for the ESE exam, Physics Wallah offers thorough study materials that make it easier for candidates to comprehend the topic and perform well on the test.

Exam Pattern

There are two parts to the ESE exam: the preliminary exam, sometimes called the screening test, and the major exam, also called the written exam. Both exams include multiple-choice questions and are given online.

Paper 1 and Paper 2 are the two papers that make up the preliminary exam. Questions regarding engineering aptitude and general awareness are found in Paper 1. Questions in Paper 2 are based on the candidate’s chosen engineering discipline. 

Two traditional type papers, Paper 1 and Paper 2, make up the Main Exam. The candidate’s chosen engineering discipline is represented by questions in both papers. Candidates are chosen for the Main Exam based on their performance in the Preliminary Exam, and the Main Exam is utilized to make the final decision.

To get the final marks, the scores from both exams are pooled after being normalized. The final merit list is created using the normalized Main Exam score results. 

The candidate must achieve at least the minimum qualifying marks in both the Preliminary and Main Exams to qualify for the ESE. When creating the final merit list, the marks earned in both tests are also taken into account.

Eligibility Criteria 

The minimal requirements a candidate must meet in order to apply for the exam are known as the UPSC ESE eligibility criteria. The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) holds the examination to hire engineering service officers. The following items are required for UPSC ESE eligibility:

1. Nationality: Persons of Indian origin, Non-Resident Indians, Overseas Citizens of India, and Indian nationals are all eligible.

2. Age Limit: Aspirants must be between 21 to 30 years of age. 

3. Education: Applicants must hold an Engineering degree from an accredited university.

4. The number of attempts: Candidates in the general category are permitted six, those in the OBC category nine, and those in the SC/ST category an infinite number.

5. Physical Standards: Aspirants must be physically fit as per the guidelines of UPSC.

Tips to Prepare for UPSC ESE

1. Research: It’s crucial to know what the UPSC ESE entails and the subjects it emphasizes before starting your preparation. You may organize your preparation and make the most of your time by researching the subjects and studying the curriculum.

2. Create a Study Plan: It’s crucial to create a study plan once you’ve grasped the material. You should choose how much time and when you will spend on each topic while keeping in mind the subjects that need to be covered. Additionally, you should choose how many days you will need for revision.

3. Take Practice Exams: Regular practice exams are crucial for your preparedness. It will assist you in identifying your strengths and weaknesses so that you may tailor your preparation. 

Additionally, practice exams provide you with a realistic examination experience and enable you to get accustomed to the exam’s time constraints and question format.

4. Maintain Important Information in a Safe Place: Last but not least, it’s essential to maintain all the data you require for preparation close to hand. Make a note of the important ideas and formulas, and then group them. As a result, you will always be able to quickly alter and access information.


Exam UPSC ESE is difficult and very competitive. Success is mostly dependent on preparation. Important factors to take into account when preparing for the UPSC ESE 2023 exam include the syllabus, exam format, eligibility requirements, and preparation advice.

Students can ensure they are adequately prepared for the exam by familiarizing themselves with the syllabus, exam format, and eligibility requirements. Additionally, students can improve their chances of passing theUPSC ESE 2023 exam pattern by using the correct study strategies.

Frequently asked questions

Q1: How much time should be spent studying for the UPSC ESE exam? 

A. The amount of time spent on the UPSC ESE test preparation depends on the needs and abilities of the applicant. Generally speaking, it is advised to dedicate at least 6 to 8 months to exam preparation.

Q2: Is coaching required for the UPSC ESE exam preparation? 

A. No, tutoring is not required for the UPSC ESE exam preparation. However, enrolling in a coaching program might help you gain advice from knowledgeable staff and access to study resources and practice exams.

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